The Development of Collaborative Protection and Conservation Programme for Langkat Karo block of Leuser Ecosystem (LE) in North Sumatra
The TFCA is an initiative by the US Government, the Government of Indonesia, the KEHATI Foundation, and Conservation International (CI). This was formalized on 30 June 2009 to redirect the payment of Indonesian debt to the US Government into a trust fund to support activities that assist tropical forest conservation, protection, restoration, as well as in developing practices of more sustainable uses of natural resources. Through the TFCA Sumatra scheme, the US government agreed to forego Indonesian debt repayment of 30 million USD, with in return there being funding support provided to conservation NGOs for a period of eight years. Under the agreement, CI Indonesia and the KEHATI Foundation have also agreed to provide matched funds of 1 million USD, towards the support of project implementation. Therefore the TFCA is to be considered a subsidized debt-for-nature swap, which is the first of its kind in Indonesia and the biggest debt for nature swap scheme by the US government for supporting environmental conservation initiatives.
The OIC is working in consortium with the Sumatran Rainforest Institute (SRI), another local NGO, towards the development and management of a landscape level conservation initiative of the Langkat Karo block of the Leuser Ecosystem in the province of North Sumatra. The programme seeks to improve the collaborative efforts of key stakeholders through facilitating the establishment of integrated management policies that support the sustainable management of the Leuser Ecosystem, at the government (provincial and district), private sector, and community levels.
Our TFCA project has four main activity components:
- Institutional strengthening for collaborative forest management in the Karo Langkat block of LE
- Strengthening of private sector participation in the conservation of Karo Langkat block of LE.
- Forest restoration and habitat protection, with a focus on potential corridors for the connectivity of natural habitats for key species in the Karo Langkat block of LE.
- Improvement of local economic development through intensification of sustainable agriculture practices.
STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION
Institutional Strengthening Program aims to improve the collaboration of the parties in terms of participatory protected area management. So far, the results are :
- Charter agreement support of parties for the Development of Collaborative Protection and Conservation Programme in Leuser Ecosystem.
- Establishment of three (3) Management Plan (Rencana Pengelolaan) in 3 conservation areas, namely Lau Debuk – Debuk Natural Park, Delleng Lancuk Natural Park and Bukit Barisan Great Forest Park. These documetnt are the basic for protected area management.
- Formed community-based forest patrol comprising forest ranger and local people to protect and secure of 112.000 ha Leuser Ecosystem. The Patrol was started in December 2013.
Forest Restoration :
- Restored 140 ha degraded area in Sei Betung, Gunung Leuser National Park (GNLP) and 10 ha in TWA Lau Debuk – Debuk dan Tahura Bukit Barisan. Lau Debuk – Debuk Natural Park and Bukit Barisan Great Forest Park.
- Forest Restoration carried out by involving local people who have been trained and skilled in seedlings management, planting and maintenance processes through monitoring plant.
- A total of 169 100 seedlings have been produced by local people and has been planted in the restoration area.
Capacity building for farmers who lives around the forest to promote sustainable farming practice.
- About 750 hectares of farmland of 500 farmers has been rehabilitated by sustainable farming practice (the commodities are cocoa, rubber, coffee, potatoes and oranges).
- The farmers have been trained to implement sustainable farming practice that will ultimately improve their economy and further will impact on decreasing forest damage.
- 50 orang perwakilan dari masing-masing kelompok tani telah dilatih sebagai pemandu lokal untuk melanjutkan proses pendampingan di tingkat kelompok tani.
- 50 peoples which are representatives of each farmers group have been trained as a local guide to continue the farmer guiding process.