This project addresses the problem of human conflicts with the critically endangered Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii) in agricultural landscapes adjacent to the Gunung Leuser National Park (GLNP), Sumatra, Indonesia. The Human Orangutan Conflict Response Unit (HOCRU) is a roving team that responds to conflict situations and reports of crop raiding in agricultural areas across northern Sumatra. Forest-adjacent communities are offered training in best-practice methods of safely and humanely protecting their crops from orangutans, and data is collected regarding the extent and
severity of this problem. The project aims to contribute to the conservation of Sumatran orangutans through research, education, orangutan rescue, and the implementation of best practice techniques for the prevention and mitigation of human-orangutan conflict.
Over the last one year (October 2012 – September 2013), we have evacuated 20
orangutans: 10 females and 10 males, with 11 rescued from isolated community farmland areas and 9 confiscated from private residences. The 11 orangutans that were rescued from farmlands were still exhibiting typical natural behaviour from having still been living in the wild (albeit in a conflict situation), and were translocated and released back into protected forest blocks; the remaining 7 have entered the rehabilitation process with the Sumatran Orangutan Conservation Programme (SOCP), one day to be reintroduced to the protected forests